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Office of Population Censuses and Surveys (OPCS).

What: Commissioned by the Supplementary Benefits Commission, the OPCS conducted a survey in 1968 that identified 3 million disabled adults in private households with unexpected levels of poverty due to the additional costs of disability (Burchardt, et al, 1999).

Why significant: This would influence successive governments in how to address poverty by creating and targeting benefits specifically to disabled people.